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Jumat, 05 Agustus 2011

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUN

A noun can be countable or uncountable.
v  Countable Nouns
Countable nouns are very easy to recognize.  They are the nouns that we can count.  They are the nouns that we can count.  Take “cart” for example.  We can have one cart, two carts, three carts, and so forth.
Other countable nouns include:
Tables, desks, cars, doors, cups, books, and people.
When we have more than one of an item we can use “some” and “many” with countable nouns.  We can also a “few” and “any” when are talking about countable nouns.
For example:
? I have some cars parked in front of my house.
? Dani has seen a few houses already today.
? Do you have any tables spare?
v  Uncountable Nouns
Uncountable nouns are a little trickier.  They are substances or concepts that we cannot separate into individual pieces.  Think about a liquid like water.  You couldn’t break it down into separate pieces of water, could you? It would still be water – we can’t have “three waters”; it is uncountable.
Other uncountable nouns include:
Music, Art, Love, Happiness, Rice, Money, Juice, and Furniture.
We treat uncountable nouns as if they were singular but we cannot use “a”, or “an” as an article in front of them.  We can use “some” or “much” or “any” when there is a quality of the noun.  We can also sometimes use a measurement; a (something) of (uncountable noun)
Example:
? I have two glasses of juice.
? The car needs lots of petrol.
? I have a packet of rice.
? At least he has found a bit of happiness in his life.
v  Nouns that can be countable or uncountable
Of course, it can’t be that easy! We also have nouns that can be countable and uncountable.  Sometimes whether we use them as countable or uncountable actually changes their meaning a little bit.
Nouns like this include:
Hair, Room, Time, Light, Noise, and Paper.
For example:
? There is too much light in this room.  (the room is too bright)
? There are too many lights in this room.  (there are too many electric bulbs)
? There are many rooms in the house.  (there are many bedrooms and other rooms in the house)
? There is lots of room in the house.  (there is lots of space there)

A.    Put in a/an or some.
1.      I read a book and listened to some music.
2.      I need………….money.  I want to buy……………..food.
3.      We met……………interesting people at the party.
4.      I’m going to open…………….window to get………………..fresh air.
5.      She didn’t eat much for lunch – only………………apple and……………bread.
6.      We live in………………big house.  There’s…………….nice garden with………..beautiful trees.
7.      I’m going to make a table.  First I need……….wood.
8.      Listen to me carefully.  I’m going to give you……….advice.
9.      I want to write a letter.  I need…………paper and…………..pen.

B.     Put in some or any.
1.      I bought some cheese but I didn’t buy any bread.
2.      I’m going to the post office. I need………..stamps.
3.      There aren’t…………..shops in this part of town.
4.      George and Alice haven’t got…………children.
5.      Have you got…………brothers and sisters?
6.      There are……….beautiful flowers in the garden.
7.      Do you know………….good hotels in London?
8.      ‘Would you like…………tea?’ ‘Yes, please.’
9.      When we were on holiday, we visited………very interesting places.
10.  Don’t buy………..rice. We don’t need…………..
11.  I went out to buy………….milk but they didn’t have………….in the shop.

C.    Which is right?
1.      I’m going to buy new shoe/shoes.                        Shoes is right.
2.      Martin has got brown eye/eyes.
3.      Paula has got short black hair/hairs.
4.      The tourist guide gave us some information/informations about the town.
5.      We’re going to buy some new chair/chairs.
6.      We’re going to buy some new furniture/furnitures.
7.      It’s difficult to get a work/job at the moment.
8.      We had lovely weather/a lovely weather when we were on holiday.

I.       HOMEWORK
A.    Complete the sentences using one of the following words.  Use a/an where necessary.
accident
biscuit
blood
decision
electricity
key
letter
moment
music
question
sugar
coat
1.      It wasn’t your fault.  It was an accident.
2.      Listen! Can you hear music?
3.      I couldn’t get into the house because I didn’t have……………………..
4.      It’s very warm today.  Why are you wearing…………………………..?
5.      Do you take…………………..in your coffee?
6.      Are you hungry? Would you like………………..with your coffee?
7.      Our lives would be very difficult without………………………
8.      I didn’t phone them.  I wrote………………..instead.
9.      The hurt pumps……………………..through the body.
10.  Excuse me, but can I ask you……………………….?
11.  I’m not ready yet.  Can you wait…………………….., please?
12.  We can’t delay much longer.  We have to make……………………..soon.

B.     Complete the sentences.  Use some or any + one of these words:
air
cheese
help
letters
photographs
batteries
friends
languages
milk
shampoo
1.      I want to wash my hair.  Is there any shampoo?
2.      This evening I’m going to write……………………………..
3.      I haven’t got my camera, so I can’t take……………………………….
4.      Do you speak……………foreign……………………………..?
5.      Yesterday evening I went to a restaurant with…………………..of mine.
6.      Can I have……………………..in my coffee, please?
7.      The radio isn’t working.  There aren’t………………………in it.
8.      It’s hot in this office.  I’m going out for………………fresh………………..
9.      ‘Would you like………………..…?’ ‘No, thank you.  I’ve had enough to eat.’
10.  I can do this job alone.  I don’t need…………………………..

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